Joseph Litvak’s Strange Gourmets: Sophistication, Theory and the Novel looks to relay the true value of sophistication, and reconstruct the bridge between the class distinctions of sophistication and sexual politics. The definition of sophistication has changed throughout the years with the constant metamorphosis of cultural structures. Sophistication is taken out of its current context of engendering “worldliness,” and re-framed to show how it originally was taken: as a sort of perversion. Throughout the book, Litvak provides a close reading of two of Jane Austen’s novels, Vanity Fair, In Search of Lost Time, and both Adorno and Barthes in relation to Litvak’s conception of this new (and old) definition of sophistication. The problem with this book is that it gets caught in defining its own criticism throughout the pages. If his angle of argument was more properly defined in the introduction (or his passage on the cultural critics was placed earlier), it would have allowed the reader to better focus on and understand his critique of the content.